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Bayelsa State

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Bayelsa State
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GENERAL INFORMATION

Area :………………………………………………… 21,100 Sq.Km
Capital: ………………………………………........Yenagoa
Population: ……………………................... Estimated at 2,000,000
Website: www.bayelsa.gov.ng


CLIMATE AND VEGETATION
Bayelsa lies in the heaviest rainfall area in Nigeria, with heavy rain forest and a short dry season (from November to March).

TEMPERATURE
Humid: 300C (mean)

HISTORY

Bayelsa State was created on October 1, 1996 out of the old Rivers State. The name, Bayelsa, is an acronym of three former Local Government areas – Brass, Yenagoa and Sagbama – in the then Rivers State, which had earlier on comprised the entire area now constituting Bayelsa State. The then Brass LGA is what makes up the present Nembe, Brass and Ogbia Local Government Areas; the then Yenagoa  LGA consist of the present Yenagoa, Kolokuma/Opokuma and Southern Ijaw Local Government Areas and the then Sagbama LGA  is what makes up the present Sagbama and Ekeremor Local Government Areas.

The tradition in the old Rivers State, which is still the norm in Bayelsa State now, is the use of acronyms for local government areas.  People referred to Brass Local Government Area as BALGA, for short; Yenagoa was simply YELGA, while Sagbama was SALGA.  Since personalities from BALGA, YELGA, and SALGA made up the State Creation Movement prior to the 1996 exercise, the proposed name agreed upon was BAYELSA.


ADMINISTRATORS

Since its creation, Bayelsa State has had the following chief executives:
Navy Captain Philip Oladipo Ayeni (Military Governor: 1 October, 1996 – 28 February, 1997).
Police Commissioner Habu Daura (Acting Governor: 28 February, 1997 – 27 June, 1997).
Navy Capital Omoniyi Caleb Olubolade (Military Governor: 27 June, 1997 – 9 July, 1998).
Lt. Col. Paul Edor Obi (Military Administrator: 9 July, 1998 – 29 May, 1999).
Chief Dr. Diepreye Solomon Peter Alamieyeseigha (JP) (first Executive Governor: 29 May 1999 – 9 December 2005)
Dr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan (second Executive Governor: 12 December 2005 – 29 May 2007).
Chief Timipre Sylva (Executive Governor: 29 May 2007 - 16 April 2008)
Rt. Hon. Werinipre Seibarugu (Acting Governor: 16 April 2008 - 27 May, 2008)
Chief  Timipre Sylva (Executive Governor: 27 May, 2008 - Date)
Chief Nestor Ibinabo (Executive Governor: 27 Jan 2012 - 14th February 2012 )
Hon. Henry Seriake Dickson (Executive Governor: 14th Feb 2012 - Date)

LOCATION

Bayelsa State is geographically located within Latitude 04o 15’ North, 05 o 23’ South and longitude 05 o 22’ West and 06 o 45’ East. It shares boundaries with Delta State on the North, Rivers State on the East and the Atlantic Ocean on the West and South.

AREA

Bayelsa State is a picturesque tropical rain forest, with an area of about 21,110 square kilometres. More than three quarters of this area is covered by water, with a moderately low land stretching from Ekeremor to Nembe. The area lies almost entirely below sea level with a maze of meandering creeks and mangrove swamps. The network of several creeks and rivers in the South, all flow into the Atlantic Ocean via the major rivers such as San Bartholomew, Brass, Nun, Ramos, Santa Barbara, St. Nicholas, Sangana, Fishtown, Ikebiri Creek, Middleton, Digatoro Creek, Pennington and Dobo. The vegetation here is characterized by the mangrove forest.  In the North, it has a thick forest with arable lands for cultivation of various food and cash crops.


PEOPLE AND LANGUAGE

There are four main languages in Bayelsa State, which are Izon, Nembe, Ogbia and Epie-Atissa.  The predominant religions in the State are Christianity and Traditional worship. Bayelsa State has 24 first class traditional rulers (and many second and third class traditional rulers) recognized by the State Government.

OCCUPATION

The major occupations in the State are fishing, farming, palm oil milling, lumbering, palm wine tapping, local gin making, trading, carving and weaving.

COMMERCE, PETROLEUM AND INDUSTRY
Bayelsa State is a major oil and gas producing area and it contributes over 30% of Nigeria’s oil production. These are hundreds of oil wells and flow stations across the state. Oloibiri in Ogbia Local Government Area of the state is where oil was first struck in Nigeria in commercial quantities in 1956. Gas production activities are currently being intensified in the State.  The LNG Gas Supply Plant that supplies 53% of the gas feedstock to the LNG plant in Bonny is located in Oluasiri in Nembe Local Government Area of Bayelsa State. There is a proposed network of associated gas gathering pipelines from the Nembe Creek oilfields to the LNG plant. The major oil exploration and production companies operating in the State are Shell, Agip and ChevronTexaco.

The Kolo Creek Gas Turbine Project owned by the Bayelsa State Government supplies electricity to Yenagoa, the State Capital, and surrounding towns and villages.  Bayelsa State is, presently, the only State in Nigeria that provides electricity for itself without any supply from the National Electricity Grid.
In addition to oil and gas, the State has large reserves of clay, sand and gravel’s of importance to the industrial sector.

 

 


 

 

NOTABLE TOURIST ATTRACTIONS

There is no doubt that Bayelsa State has a wide variety of customs, traditions, festivals, music, arts, crafts, folklore, artefacts, museums and monuments.  The State government, through the Ministry of Information & Culture, and the Bayelsa State Council for Arts & Culture, has adopted strategies to properly harness and develop them into tourist attractions.
There are many tourist attractions in Bayelsa State.  There are two museums in Nembe, namely Olodi Museum and Mangrove Museum.  They are stocked with artifacts dating back to hundreds of years.  An Oil Museum has been proposed by the Federal Government for Oloibiri in Ogbia Local Government Area to commemorate the first striking of oil in commercial quantity in Nigeria in 1956.  The museum when established will serve as a center of excellence in petroleum history, entertainment and learning.
At Twon-Brass in Brass Local Government Area, there are the Commonwealth Graves of British soldiers who died in the Nembe-British War of 1895 (otherwise know as the Akassa war).  In nearby Akassa, there is the Slaves Transit Camp.   There is a War Boat in Aleibiri, which is a tourist wonder, Manila and Bronze heads were discover in a forest in Opume in Ogbia Local Government Area.  The beautiful Atlantic Ocean beaches at Twon-Brass, Okpoama, Olodiama, Koluama, Sangana and other at Odi, Kaiama, Nembe and the evergreen expanse of mangrove lands in the deep south of the State are also of great exotic and tourist value.

MUSEUMS AND MONUMENTS IN BAYELSA STATE

The following museums and monuments are also tourist attractions in Bayelsa State.
1        The White Graveyard at Twon-Brass in Brass LGA.
2        The Slave Tunnel at Akassa in Brass LGA.
3        Olodi Museum at Ogbolomabiri in Nembe LGA.
4        The Mangrove Museum at Nembe in Nembe LGA.
5        Ogidigan Deity at Bassambiri in Nembe LGA.
6        King Ockiya’s Mausoleum at Ogbolomabiri in Nembe LGA.
7        Late Chief  Christopher Iwowari’s Monument at Bassambiri in Nembe LGA.
8        Bronze Heads at Opume in Ogbia LGA.
9        The proposed National Oil Museum at Oloibiri in Ogbia LGA, where crude oil was first struck in commercial quantity in Nigeria in 1956.
10    Isaac Boro Memorial Monument at Kaiama in Kolokuma/Opokuma LGA.

CULTURAL FESTIVALS IN BAYELSA STATE

Below is a list of some of the major festivals in the state:

 


S/N

FESTIVAL

TOWN/LGA

DESCRIPTION

PERIOD

1.

Eremutoru Festival

Peretoru in Ekeremor LGA

Ceremonial

December –  2nd January

2.

Ikpai-Kpai Annual Festival

Ekowe in Southern Ijaw LGA

Ceremonial

1st January

3.

Oguberi Festival

Ndoro in Ekeremor LGA

Ceremonial

Feb/March

4.

Opuaduno Lake Fishing Festival

Akeddei/Opuaduno in Sagbama LGA

Fishing

May every Year

5.

Seigbein Fishing Festival

Sagbama in Sagbama LGA

Fishing

27th May

6.

Seigbein Fishing Festival

Amassoma in Southern Ijaw LGA

Fishing

28th - 30th May

7.

Okolode Festival

Ekpetiama Clan in Yenagoa LGA

New Yam

5th June

8.

Uge Adiafa Festival

Atissa Clan in Yenagoa LGA

New Yam

25th June

9.

Obunem Festival

Epie Clan in Yenagoa LGA

New Yam

1st Week of July

10.

Ogori ba Uge Festival

Odi in Kolokuma 
/Opokuma LGA

Killing of Buffalo

27th July


11.


Odemimom Festival


Otuoke in Ogbia LGA

To Commemorate the Harvest Season

Last Saturday of October Every Year

12.

Tungbo Liberation Day

Tungbo in Sagbama LGA

Ceremonial

1st October

13.

Izogua Annual Festival

Otuokpoti in Ogbia LGA

Ceremonial

November every year

14.

Amasinghan Festival

Aleibiri in Ekeremor LGA

Ceremonial

20th – 25th December

15.

Asi Oge Festival

Ekeremor in Ekeremor LGA

Ceremonial

20th – 25th December

16.

Ikagi Masquerade

Nembe Bassambiri in Nembe LGA

Ceremonial

Every 20 Years

17.

Idumangi Olali

Okpoama in Brass LGA

Festival of Deities

Every Seven Years

18.

Igboruma War Canoe

Otuokpoti in Ogbia LGA

Ceremonial

Periodically

19.

Lake Ifi Fishing Festival

Sabagreia in Kolokuma /Opokuma LGA

Fishing

Periodically

20.

Idumangi Festival

Nembe in Nembe LGA

Traditional

Periodically

21.

Eyal Awani Festival

Idema in Ogbia LGA

Ceremonial

 

22.

The Ancient War Canoe Regatta

Nembe in Nembe LGA

Ceremonial

 

23.

Eyal Asigho

Okoroba in Nembe LGA

Ceremonial

 

24.

Isemi Festival

Nembe in Nembe LGA

Traditional

 

25.

Famgbe Beach Festival

Famgbe in Yenagoa LGA

Ceremonial

 

26.

Abadiyai Annual Festival

Tabuama, Twon-Brass in Brass LGA

Ceremonial

 

27.

Okoti Agori Masquerade Display

Diebu in Southern Ijaw LGA

Ceremonial

 


OTHER TOURIST ATTRACTIONS


1        The Akassa Light House in Brass Local Government Area 
2        The Okpoama Beach in Brass Local Government Area 
3        The Koluama Holiday Resort in Southern Ijaw Local Government Area 
4        Lake Efi at Sabagreia in Kolokuma/Opokuma Local Government Area 
5        Ogori ba Uge Love Boat at Odi in Kolokuma/Opokuma Local Government Area 
6        Ogori ba Uge Beach Carnival at Odi in Kolokuma/Opokuma Local Government Area 
7        Famgbe Beach Carnival in Yenagoa Local Government Area 
8        The Ossiama Fish Lake in Sagbama Local Government Area 
9        The Amasinghan Love Boat of Aleibiri in Ekeremor Local Government Area 
10      The Agricultural Palm Beach at Ekeremor in Ekeremor Local Government Area 
11      The Agge Palm Beach in Ekeremor Local Government Area

 

 
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